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The vCenter VAMI service must implement HTTP Strict Transport Security (HSTS).


Finding ID Version Rule ID IA Controls Severity
V-259157 VCLD-80-000099 SV-259157r935375_rule Medium
HSTS instructs web browsers to only use secure connections for all future requests when communicating with a website. Doing so helps prevent SSL protocol attacks, SSL stripping, cookie hijacking, and other attempts to circumvent SSL protection.
VMware vSphere 8.0 vCenter Appliance Management Interface (VAMI) Security Technical Implementation Guide 2023-10-29


Check Text ( C-62897r935373_chk )
At the command prompt, run the following command:

# /opt/vmware/sbin/vami-lighttpd -p -f /opt/vmware/etc/lighttpd/lighttpd.conf 2>/dev/null|awk '/setenv\.add-response-header/,/\)/'|sed -e 's/^[ ]*//'|grep "Strict-Transport-Security"

Expected result:

"Strict-Transport-Security" => "max-age=31536000; includeSubDomains; preload",

If the output does not match the expected result, this is a finding.

Note: The command must be run from a bash shell and not from a shell generated by the "appliance shell". Use the "chsh" command to change the shell for the account to "/bin/bash". Refer to KB Article 2100508 for more details:

Fix Text (F-62806r935374_fix)
Navigate to and open:


Locate the "setenv.add-response-header" parameter and add or update the following value:

"Strict-Transport-Security" => "max-age=31536000; includeSubDomains; preload",

Note: The last line in the parameter does not need a trailing comma.

Restart the service with the following command:

# vmon-cli --restart applmgmt