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Number Title Impact Priority Subject Area
SC-29 Heterogeneity P0 System And Communications Protection

The organization employs a diverse set of information technologies for Assignment: organization-defined information system components in the implementation of the information system.
Increasing the diversity of information technologies within organizational information systems reduces the impact of potential exploitations of specific technologies and also defends against common mode failures, including those failures induced by supply chain attacks. Diversity in information technologies also reduces the likelihood that the means adversaries use to compromise one information system component will be equally effective against other system components, thus further increasing the adversary work factor to successfully complete planned cyber attacks. An increase in diversity may add complexity and management overhead which could ultimately lead to mistakes and unauthorized configurations.

SC-29 (1) Virtualization Techniques
While frequent changes to operating systems and applications pose configuration management challenges, the changes can result in an increased work factor for adversaries in order to carry out successful cyber attacks. Changing virtual operating systems or applications, as opposed to changing actual operating systems/applications, provide virtual changes that impede attacker success while reducing configuration management efforts. In addition, virtualization techniques can assist organizations in isolating untrustworthy software and/or software of dubious provenance into confined execution environments.

The organization employs virtualization techniques to support the deployment of a diversity of operating systems and applications that are changed Assignment: organization-defined frequency.